TIMELINE OF WOMEN’S RIGHTS: 1848 TO 2014
1848: Seneca Falls Convention Elizabeth Cody Stanton and Lucretia Mott presented The Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions identifying injuries and usurpations demanding right to vote
1913: Susan B Anthony Civil Rights Activist, suffragist, abolitionist in National American Association of Woman’s Suffragist Association.
1919: Jeannette Rankin- Republican/pacifist and first woman elected to congress-two terms 1916 and 1940; forceful leader in the National American Association of Woman’s Suffrage through support of President Woodrow Wilson and the congress resulted in passage of 19th Amendment ad women’s right to vote.
1921: Mabel Vernon, Quaker suffragist, pacifist and national leader in American Woman’s Suffrage Association Sarah Bard Fields prison and health reform. Worked with Sara Bard Field, Poet and Woman’s Suffrage leader in Oregon and Nevada. Lobbied for Equal Rights Amendment and led National Woman’s Party in 1930.
1932: Frances Perkins, FDR appoint as Secretary of Labor, 1st woman on cabinet
1937: Emma Tenayuca, San Antonio Texas Workers World Labor leader brought Workers Alliance to workers; Detroit Housewives’s League and Black Woman’s Housewives Association with Fannie Peck brought workers rights to 10,000 members and created 75,000 jobs for African Americans through protests of over 200,000 workers.
1940: Margaret Chase Smith-distinction of being the first woman to serve both the House of Representatives for two full terms as well as elected into the Senate. Republican Representative for Maine also first woman to have her name placed in nomination for the Presidency.
1940: Margaret Sanger: Advocate for Family Planning in 1920’s fostering healthcare for women; Founder of Planned Parenthood.
1942: 16 million men and women WWII; 996,242 casualties; 350,000 Women served in the war effort in uniform and as volunteers or in war industries to support the war.
1944: Clare Boothe Luce, author, playwright The Women; first woman to be appointed ambassador for term in Rome. Served two terms in House of Representatives. 1973, Presidential Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board.
1948: 28.6% women at work after war; women returned to home after the war ended.
1947: COMMISSION ON United Nations produced first international law that recognized and protected the political rights of women for all the original 51 UN members determining Equal Voting rights for women equal to men.
1949: Simone De Beauvoir: women not born women, become women-begins national conversation on sexual roles and identities.
1952: Virginia Apgar brought Apgar report for newborns
1953: The Pill Project-Margaret Sanger brings Katharine McCormick to fund $40,000 for hormone birth control research by Dr. Gregory Pincus.
1954: Kinsey Report 6000 women studied sexual behavior of females; Masters and Johnson study of sexual dysfunctions of females and males.
1955: Alcoholism at its highest level
1955: Women allowed to serve on juries, lease apartments or get credit.
1961: President John Kennedy establishes Commission on the Status of Women appointing 40 women to give constructive recommendations and action addressing employment, social insurance, tax laws, and federal labor laws as well as legal treatment of women; initially a government agency, the Commission on the Status of Women women who identify the “injuries of sex;” the Commission will leave the government and become a force and voice for women in the Women’s Movement-the 2nd Wave of Feminism of the 60’s.
1963: Betty Frieden’s The Feminine Mystique best seller; women begin to talk to women about their sex lives.
1960-77: Bella Abzug, House of Representatives 1971-1877; lawyer, liberal activist, woman and civil rights advocate. Formed National Women’s Political Caucus with Betty Friedan and Gloria Steinem. American Civil Liberties Union, Women’s Strike for Peace in 1961.
1964: Civil Rights Act: sex, race or country of origin denied in anti discriminatory law defining equality as equal access and opportunity to all Americans.
1965: Affirmative Action to women and minorities in education and employment empowered by President Lyndon Johnson in War on Poverty.
1965: Abortion to save the life of the mother/or in case of rape legal
1968: Shirley Chishom – 1st African American representative NY
1968: Gloria Steinem – National Organization of Women- women have the right to work.
1972: Equal Rights Amendment passes both houses of congress for equal rights for women received 35 of the needed 38 states agreement for ratification so adoption was not completed.
1973: Roe VS Wade; women’s right to choose becomes law of the land
American Psychiatric Journal: homosexuality defended
Yvonne Brathwaite Burke-1st Maternity leave.
1975: 49% women working outside the home
First World Women’s Conference, San Francisco
1978: First year that more women enter college then men
1980: Elizabeth Dole Secretary of Labor
1980: Ruth Ginsburg appointed to US Court of Appeals by President Jimmy Carter
1981: Sandra Day O’Connor 1st woman as Supreme Court Justice
1984: Geraldine Ferrara first woman Vice Presidential candidate
1992: Janet Reno and Madeline Albright, President Bill Clinton appoints to cabinet
1993: President Bill Clinton appoints Ruth Ginsburg to Supreme Court-strong voice for gender equality and civil rights
1997: Equal Rights Amendment
2008: Lily Lidbetter Paycheck Fairness Act
Hillary Clinton Candidate for President of the United States
2012: UN WOMEN in Commission of Status of Women dedicate global governmental body to the promotion of gender equality and elimination and prevention of all forms of violence against girls.